This presidential race has garnered much attention for those who wish to socialize medicine by having the government guarantee health care for all. Some of the problems in our current system are due to the government being a major customer of most if not all health systems. However, the government either federal or state do not generally contribute to the profit of these health systems.
Medicare and Medicaid both work under a “cost reimbursement” system that only allows the government to be billed the actual cost of the procedure, rather than the market rate for that procedure. The effect here is that to maintain profit margins across the whole system the “market rate” for those with private insurance and those who pay for themselves must be increased. So we pay for the government health care plans with our tax dollars and further pay a subsidy to the hospitals through increased health care costs and higher insurance premiums.
A move to a single payor system (the government pays for and regulates all health care) could eliminate the profit from healthcare and greatly diminish quality. It’s hard on the people with private insurance to make up the difference for Medicare and Medicaid twice (taxation and subsidy), but if a governmentally run healthcare system eliminates the profits from the industry there will be less pay for doctors, less structural improvements, less equipment upgrades, and more regulation of services provided.
The effect of this change would not be apparent over night as it would be several years before the lack of structural improvements took a toll on the whole system, but it seems the system would necessarily deteriorate over time as profits were replaced with cost reimbursements across the board.